Another year is almost past and before moving on we at Dawsons thought it appropriate to give a brief review of what 2011 brought to us and what 2012 may have in store.

In this entry:

1. Marine Resources

2. Admiralty Jurisdiction and Shipping

3. Commercial

4. Conclusion


1.         Marine Resources

  • Small Scale Fisheries Policy:

As a result of an Equality Court Judgment which prescribed that interim relief should be granted to certain small scale fishers, and that a small scale policy should make provision for such fishers in the future, the Department of Agriculture Forestry and Fisheries (DAFF) commenced with the drafting and work shopping of a smalls scale fisheries policy. Much of the work shopping has occurred at Nedlac level.

The main issues appear to be the extent of application of the policy, what will constitute communities in terms of the policy, which fisheries will be affected and how will the policy affect the existing commercial fisheries including the limited commercial rights holders.

It is expected that once finalized the small scale policy will affect the new general policy and sector specific policies which will have to be published prior to future commercial fishing rights allocations.

  • Performance Reviews

The Performance Review process has not been finalized in that the results of the performance reviews in the main commercial clusters have not been released to rights holders. The reasons for the delay in the release of such results vary with some speculating that it is merely an administrative delay and others yet speculating that the results will not support any future policy changes from the Minister or the Department and hence are being relooked at.

In our view the results should have an effect on future policies and future rights allocation processes. In fact in the Performance Review process it was stipulated that the results would be utilised by the Department for future reference in rights allocation processes.

  • Future Rights Allocations

At the end of 2013 existing rights in a number of sectors are up for reallocation and accordingly a new general commercial fisheries policy and sector specific policies will have to be finalized prior to these allocations. As mentioned previously it is our view that the small scale policy will have an effect on the future general policy and sector policies.

  • Marine Living Resources Act / Amendments

It is also envisaged that with the finalization of the new small scale policy will also come amendments to the Marine Living Resources Act (MLRA) particularly relating to Section 14 and the Minister’s power to determine the allocation of the TAC / TAE to different sectors. However it is also envisaged that other amendments may occur e.g. relating to the Consultative Advisory Forum and other administrative processes under the Act.

In our view the CAF is an important legislative provision under the MLRA which is not being complied with by the Minister who has been in breach thereof for many years. This leads to the issue of co-management of the fisheries by the Department and industry. A new level of co-management should be achieved with organizations such as Fish SA (representing all the main sector associations) having an important role to play in advising the Minister. Preferably such consultation should happen through the utilization of the CAF provisions in the Act.

A recent example of excellent co-operation between the Department and industry was the amendment of the permit conditions in the hake sector, hopefully this will lead the way for the review of permit conditions in all of the other sectors.

  • Compliance

On the compliance side it would appear that this year there was a firm focus on fish processing establishments and ensuring that each establishment had a valid permit throughout the year. The Department extends this need for a permit to “fish and chips shops” and so it is important that fish retailers who process fish in any way have their permits in order.

  • Section 21 transfers of rights

After some pressure put on the Department through court proceedings, there seems to have been some progress on the determination of fishing rights transfers. There is still a backlog however. Of concern is that there appears to be no set order in which the applications are being dealt with. The result is that some applications lodged 3 years ago are undecided and applications lodged 3 months ago are decided. This is unfair administrative action in our view and certainly challengeable.

In 2012 it will be interesting to see what the Supreme Court of Appeal decides in respect of the Foodcor and Oceana sect 21 challenges. The State successfully defended these challenges in the Cape High Court.


2.         Admiralty Jurisdiction and Shipping:


  • Maritime Law Association of South Africa

Peter Edwards serves on the executive committee of the Maritime Law Association of South Africa and informs us that the MLASA annual conference was recently held in August 2011 in the Drakensburg. One of the main items on the agenda at the conference was the amendment of the Admiralty Jurisdiction Regulation Act (AJRA). After considerable work had been done at sub-committee level a final list of proposed amendments to the AJRA was agreed upon for submission to the Department of Justice. If passed these amendments should clear up certain ambiguities and uncertainties which are present in the AJRA and have given rise to issues in practice.

The MLASA Conference was again very well attended with both local and foreign delegates. The 2012 Conference is planned for St Helena Bay on the West Coast. More details will follow once booking arrangements have been finalized.

  • Marine Insurance

On the Marine Insurance side the Appeal Court judgment of the “Mieke” has again sparked interest in the drafting of a South African Marine Insurance Act which will stand apart from the current Short Term Insurance Act. Inter alia, a new Marine Insurance Act for South Africa will mean that we will not rely solely on the English Marine Insurance Act which is often incorporated into Marine Policies covering insured interests within South Africa.

  • Main Admiralty Judgments throughout 2011

MV “Cleopatra Dream”

The Supreme Court of Appeal dealt with the elements required for a salvage claim and in particular “voluntariness”.

MV “MSC Gina”

Dealt with the various elements required to be present in a security arrest application.

MT “Fairmount Fuji”

Dealt with the requirements in respect of security and counter security applications.

MV “Alina II”

Dealt with the issue as to whether there can be actions in personam and in rem in respect of the same cause of action.

MV “Explorer”

The Namibian Appeal Court dealt with the Old English Vice Admiralty Rules which are still applicable in Namibia and in particular relating to the admiralty claims of equipping a vessel or supplying necessaries to a vessel.

It is hoped that 2012 will be the year when Namibia promulgates its own Admiralty Jurisdiction legislation which is up to date with modern trends and conventions as the Old Vice Admiralty rules from the 1800’s are very outdated. Certainly with Walvis Bay becoming a very busy port for Namibia it would bode well for the country to have up to date admiralty / shipping legislation.

  • Port Regulator

The creation of the office of the Port Regulator in our view has thus far been successful in that objective decisions have been taken and importantly not all in favour of the port.

  • Sheriffs’ of Cape Town

We have been informed that in future there will be a number of Sheriffs for the district of Cape Town and from an admiralty point of view the Sheriff who has jurisdiction of the Port of Cape Town will be a different Sheriff from the Sheriff who will have jurisdiction over vessels which are at anchorage. As such arrest papers which have to be served on vessels at anchorage will have to be served by two different Sheriffs, one to serve on the vessel and one to serve on the Port Captain. It will be interesting to see which Sheriff will have to take responsibility for the preservation of the vessel particularly in circumstances where the vessel is originally arrested at anchorage and thereafter berths in the port.


3.         Commercial  

  • New Companies Act

The new Companies Act is currently in play and many seminars and conferences have been held regarding the implications of this Act. It is important for practitioners and those in business alike to familiarize themselves with the provisions of the new Act, and in particular to establish where the main changes are from the previous Act. Of importance for instance is the fact that within a two year period Memoranda of Incorporation must be filed for all companies. Our firm has developed a comprehensive presentation on the new Companies Act which will be offered to clients in the New Year.

  • Drafting of Agreements

Agreements which are drafted should take into account the provisions of the new Companies Act as well as the provisions of the Consumer Protection Act. In addition there is a substantive move towards the use of plain and clear language in agreements which is referred to in both the Consumer Protection Act and New Companies Act.

Having said this, it is also our view that going forward simple “one page” agreements are not the order of the day but rather more comprehensive agreements which are clear and deal with each aspect of the commercial relationship with specific provisions for issues such as breach of contract and dispute resolution to name but a few.


4.         Conclusion

In conclusion the professional and support staff at Dawson Edwards & Associates wishes its clients, colleagues and service providers a relaxing and enjoyable Christmas period and a successful 2012!

We trust you will find the content of this entry of interest and welcome any queries or comments.

Best regards





(Please note that our office closes from 22 December 2011 to 3 January 2012. For urgent matters please contact Alistair Downing on 082 648 7261)



On the 30th November 2011 our firm celebrated its 15th birthday with a cocktail party for clients at the Granger Bay Hotel School. It was a beautiful evening and those who attended enjoyed a memorable occasion.

Attached is a copy of the speech made by the firm’s managing director Peter Edwards as well as a few photographs of the event.

The firm would like to thank its clients and service providers who attended the celebration and who have supported us over the years.


Let me start by firstly thanking all of you for taking the time to be here and to share this occasion with us.

I realize that many of you here are competitors but for this evening if you would take the gloves off and leave any weapons at the door.

Having said that, although we have had the venue swept for Competition Commission bugs, it is not advisable to get too close to each other and in particular to discuss beach prices, voorskots, agterskots and the like.


As far as the history of our firm goes, relative to some of the other Cape firms, at 15 years old we are still in my view a young firm.

We originated from the firm Field & Co. started by the late Roger Field about 30 years ago.

Field & Co. was the first boutique firm of maritime attorneys, which dealt exclusively with matters of a maritime nature.

In 1996 Field & Co. was approached by the then firm of Muller Gruss Attorneys with a takeover proposal. At this stage Peter Dawson was now a director in Field & Co. Roger Field elected to join Muller Gruss but Peter Dawson decided to start a new firm and continue with the concept of an exclusive maritime practice.

This was the birth of our firm which started trading as Dawson & Associates in what can only be described “sweat shop offices” in Spin Street, Cape Town.


The following constitute landmarks in the firm’s voyage:

  • Myself joining the firm at the beginning of 1998;
  • The firm buying its own offices in Gardens where we still continue to practice from;
  • Peter Dawson leaving the firm to immigrate to New Zealand at the end of 2001, and the practice changing its name to “Dawson, Edwards & Associates”;
  • Alistair Downing, my fellow director, joining the firm in 2003 to start his articles
  • Grant Clark, my fellow director rejoining the firm in 2004 as a professional assistant having left the firm at the end of 1997 when he finished his articles.


What is the ethos of our firm? Our ethos is reflected in the firm’s logo being the lighthouse.This venue is appropriate in that a few meters from where I am standing is the base of the second oldest lighthouse built in South Africa, being the Mouille Point lighthouse and not far down the road the Green Point light house being the oldest light house in the country.

When Peter Dawson started the firm his goal was to be a lighthouse for his clients in order to help them navigate their businesses through the stormy seas of commerce. At the same time he wanted to maintain the integrity and independence of the firm so that it would be visible in the maritime and legal landscape as an upstanding firm and a leader in its field.

I believe we have maintained this ethos of independence and excellence since the firm’s inception. The three directors of the firm being Grant, Alistair and myself own and manage the firm and are involved in its day to day running. We do not compete amongst ourselves for clients, billing or work in order to reach fee targets set by higher powers. We do not strive to build our own individual empires within the firm.

Our prime focus is to provide clients with the best solution to their brief and to add value from our in depth knowledge and experience accumulated from years of involvement in our specialized fields. This we enjoy doing with passion.

In turn our independence allows for thinking out of the box and providing alternative solutions.

We strive to stay lean and mean and abreast of developments in our industry and the industries of our clients. In a London survey of South African maritime firms we were once described as a firm which punches above its weight.

At this juncture Grant has asked me to mention a particular example of value adding to clients. This related to our involvement in the Longterm Fishing Rights Appeals and Review Process where our intricate understanding of the allocation system and points scoring mechanism allowed us to claw back millions of rands worth of fish for clients.

Maintaining the firms exclusivity and independence has not always been easy, with take over approaches having been made to us over the years, all of which we have turned down.


Although our ethos over the years has remained steady the makeup of our workload has changed significantly. Originally the firms focus was on shipping and admiralty litigation.

This has evolved over the years and along with the usual admiralty and shipping litigation we now do large amounts of commercial, fisheries and environmental work.


We are grateful to many for the enjoyable years that our firm has had in practice.

Our first thank you must go of course to you our clients who have supported us over the years. We aim to continue adding value where we can to your businesses.

Internally we must thank our own support staff who are equally passionate about the firm and the services we provide. Your commitment and loyalty over the years is truly valued.

As regards my fellow directors Grant and Alistair, it has been a privilege working with you over the years and I look forward to the years ahead. There is a seemless co-operation between us, with each of us adding their special ingredient to the smooth running of the firm.

On my behalf and on behalf of the other directors I must also thank our wives and families for their support and patience over the years. Law is a consuming passion and in our field urgent arrests and applications on weekends or public holidays are common occurrences.

We also have our service providers to thank, and in particular Grant Thornton our auditors who have always provided a professional service.


When doing business in South Africa we always seem to be in exciting and challenging times.

Looking forward in our industry we see the following issues:

  • Maintaining South Africa’s standard of legal expertise both at judicial level and in practice. Rule of law from our perspective is key to stability in this country;
  • Making our ports more attractive to foreign vessels. This in our view will depend on the cost structures of the port and its efficiency. From the government’s perspective there is a new maritime policy in place and the challenge will be the implementation and achievement of the goals set out in this policy;
  • Environmental issues will become more and more prevalent and the sophisticated environmental legislation which this country has in passed will be key to maintaining the bio-diversity of this country and the sharing of its natural resources amongst competing users. The proposed nuclear power plant at Thyspunt off the East Coast opposite prime fishing grounds is a clear example of this issue;
  • As regards the fishing industry the usual issues remain. Efficient fisheries management, new ministerial policies and in particular the small scale policy and how it will relate to the current commercial sector, the transfers of rights, future rights allocations, amendments to current legislation, the implementation of black economic empowerment ;
  • On the commercial side, one should not underestimate the effect of the New Companies Act, the Consumer Protection Act and the increasing application of Competition legislation.


In conclusion, may I thank all the staff at my office for the organizing of this event together with the Hotel School, and once again thank you to all of you for sharing this event with us.

We wish you plain sailing and full steam ahead over the years to come.

Please enjoy the rest of the evening and be careful not to drink and drive – if you elect to drink and drive Alistair should have some of his cards to hand out.

Thank You.